Rottweiler is a breed of domestic dog, regarded as medium-to-large or significant.
In Germany, the dogs were Rottweiler Metzgerhund, meaning Rottweil butchers’ dogs, because their primary use was to herd livestock and pull carts laden with butchered meat to market.
They have been used throughout history for herding and protecting both people and property.
Today, many police departments still use them worldwide because of their intelligence, bravery, and loyalty. This article is going to show you everything there is about rottweilers!
History Of Rottweiler
- The origin of the Rottweiler goes back to Roman times. They were shepherd dogs, but they also served as protectors that kept livestock safe from wolves and other predators.
- The first rottweilers came to Germany in the early 18th century with Catherine II during her conquest of Europe. In 1732, they passed a law in Germany that limited ownership of rottweilers to those who could prove they were not butchers, leading many people these days to think the breed is from Rottweil.
- The American Kennel Club recognized the rottweiler as a member of the Working Group on January 13th, 1991.
- It is a widespread misconception that the rottweiler originated in Germany. They are descended from ancient Roman drover dogs and were brought to central Europe by invading Romans around 300 AD.
- This breed was popular among butchers, drivers, and cattle herders because of its ability to control large animals through force when necessary.
- Over 100 years ago, rottweilers were herders. They herded everything from cattle to sheep to geese and guarded the animals against predators like wolves, bears, and people.
Appearance of Rottweiler
The physical appearance is significant, and it can often be the first thing that people notice when they see one.
The Rottweiler has an average size of 75 to 88 cm in height (29.52 – 36 inches) at the withers, but males are typically larger than females.
The Rottweiler is a powerful dog and can weigh anywhere from 49 to 80 kilograms (110 – 176 pounds).
They were bred for work, so they have strong, muscular bodies often coated in black or mahogany-coloured fur with white markings on the chest, head, and legs.
The rottweiler’s tail is a symbol of its intelligence, courage, and loyalty.
EYES: Rotties have dark brown eyes that stand out from their black fur, often described as “kind” or intelligent looking to match their gentle nature.
EARS: Their ears can be cropped or left natural, but they will always be black and thin. By cropping ears is not good practice nowadays.
Jaws: They have powerful jaws, often described as “scissors” because they can clamp down with the force of 270 pounds per square inch or 2300 newtons for a rottweiler’s weight (110 kg).
Rotties have a strong jawline and a powerful nose that will often be black or brown, but they will have light-coloured eyelids, known as “haw”s. Although males may be heavier than females, they typically weigh around 49 – 80 kilograms (110-176poundss.
One of the most noticeable features about a rottweiler is their face, which has black lips, nose, and eye rims that contrast against their white teeth.
NECK & CHEST Structure
Their necks, chests, and shoulders should always appear strong no matter what size they are.
The rottweiler should have a deep, wide chest, and it should always look strong no matter what size they are because this is the symbol of their strength as working dogs.
POSITION Of Rottweililer
They were bred to be fearless, which would explain why you will often see them with both ears standing up in a natural position instead of back close to their head.
PAWS Structure Of Rottweiler
Their paws should be round and compact, with hair on the underside to protect their joints from being injured when walking on rough surfaces.
The rottweiler’s coat is oily, so it will help repel water or dirt, but if you live in a cold climate, this can cause some problems for your dog.
Their coat will naturally become lighter or darker in colour depending on how much sunlight they are exposed to.
Rottweilers come in two varieties: coatless (known as “smooth”) and long-haired.
Coatless rottweilers will have a shiny black coat that is short in length, it can sometimes be spotted or speckled with white markings, but this isn’t common.
Long-haired rottweilers are known for their shaggy appearance, which is often black with white markings.
The coat of a long-haired Rottweiler may appear to be dirty or greasy because it has an oily texture designed to repel water, dirt, and snow, but some owners will still have issues in cold climates.
The Rottweiler has an extremely broad head, wide-set dark eyes that slope somewhat upwards towards the outside corners. Black noses are preferred, but shades of tan colouring (“saddles”) are acceptable, high set triangular ears that are thick and strong-boned. Dropping ears and/or prick ears disqualify a dog from being shown.
Dewclaws are sometimes removed, Medium-sized eyes for the size of the head with dark rims and oval-shaped rather than round.
The muzzle is broad, with a pronounced stop (the point where the skull rises to meet the foreface).
The lips should be full yet tight, black in colour, and the neck is thick and muscular.
The chest should be broad, deep and well-sprung with a level topline.
The rump has a slight tuck-up at about 32 degrees (the hind legs are the last to leave the ground when running).
The Rottweiler’s front legs should be straight, strong and heavy boned.
Dewclaws often are removed, particularly on the hind legs.
The feet are round and compact, with well-arched toes like that of a cat.
There are also very thick pads. We can sometimes find excess hair between the toes, and nails must stay short and maybe black or pink in colour with darker shading permitted.
The Rottweiler’s thick coat is straight, short and close-lying with an undercoat that sheds heavily.
The colour of the coat is either solid black or a combination of tan markings over a black base (fawn).
This breed should not be long-haired, nor should it have any feathering on the back of its front legs.
A natural bobtail is preferred, but some kink at the end of the tail is acceptable. Dewclaws are sometimes removed.
The rottweiler’s head is shaped like a triangle, and they are generally large with powerful jaws.
They have three distinct fur colours on their head: black, tan, or brown, and Rottie’s skin is usually dark.
The rottweiler’s ears come in two kinds: they can be short and stand up or dropdown.
This breed’s ears are also one of their most defining features because they always have black tips that curl back towards the skull even if it’s not visible from a distance!
It’s important to know that when you pet your Rottie’s head. You should never stroke the top of it because there are many nerve endings in that area, and they will feel pain.
You may also notice a ridge on one side of their skull called “stop” and can be found just over the eyes from the front view.
The Rottweiler also has a strong jaw, and when they are happy, their lips will cover most of the teeth in their mouth. But this isn’t always the case, so it’s important to watch carefully for other signals from your pet.
The Rottie’s neck is short, which means that they have limited movement if someone grabs the back of their neck or the top of their head.
The rottweiler has a compelling body that is solid with an average weight of 70-110 pounds.
They are considered the breed with one of the widest heads about their height, leading to problems breathing and regulating heat because they have short snouts!
The rottweiler’s eyes are also dark brown, and they have a triangular shape.
The Rottie has a large, deep chest that usually sits above the elbow joint when standing in a kennel position (standing on all fours). Their elbows point to the side rather than way out to the front like other breeds.
The Rottweiler is also known for having a long, thick tail that curls over the back and has black tips at its end!
This breed can grow fur down to their toes to stay warm (like how humans have hair on our heads), which means you may need some help grooming him.
The Rottweiler also has a long, thick coat that is double layered and sheds heavily, so you’ll need to brush them at least once per week.
Finally, Rottie’s body will be muscular, with an average weight of anywhere between 70-110 pounds.
The Rottweiler is considered a large breed of dog that can grow to weights between 70-110 pounds.
The rottweiler has a large frame and an average height of 25-28 inches when fully grown.
The Rottie’s ears will be somewhat rounded at the tips, but you’ll notice that their muzzle is square. This means it can sometimes stay wet with drool which could lead to them having more health problems.
Rottweiler’s temperament can be described as confident, courageous, and good-natured.
They are often described as having a “soft” expression because of how their ears fold forward on their head, also known as “prick.”
The rottweiler has an excellent ability to work in large packs or alone when necessary. Still, they are not usually very social dogs, so human contact will have to come from affectionate owners that spend time with them every day.
These powerful dogs don’t like being physically restrained by humans, but they need to get enough exercise each week, so they shouldn’t be chained up outside all day long without any attention.
You may find that rottweilers are good with children because they were originally bred to be gentle and patient but don’t leave kids unattended around them.
Rotties are Working Dog
The Rottweiler is considered a “working dog,” which means you should expect to have some playtime exercise on most days.
This breed needs an owner who can give it the right amount of mental stimulation each day, so make sure you train this intelligence out!
Rotties will always need more food than other breeds because their metabolism is higher due to the intense workouts they require daily.
They may also growl or bark at strangers when meeting new people until they get to know them.
They may also bark at other animals that live in the house. This can be a problem for some owners who don’t have time to train their dogs each day with commands!
It’s important not to pull on your rottweiler’s leash when they are excited because you will put too much pressure on their neck, which could cause injury and make them hate walking with you from then onwards.
Rottie is an independent thinker, so it isn’t easy to train all of these traits out. Still, if you’re dedicated enough, this breed has plenty of potentials as long as they are mentally and physically given what they need.
When you buy a rottweiler, they must be able to meet your family.
This will help them feel secure because the dog needs to be confident in its new environment until you know what size of house or yard space you have available for this breed. It can’t really decide whether or not you will be able to offer it the right amount of space.
When buying a rottweiler, there are also specifications for breeders that need to be considered. Do your research before deciding what breeder is best for you and your new pet!
Aggression in dogs is one of the most common problems that dog owners face. And indeed, aggression can lead to some serious consequences if not addressed properly.
Imagine if your dog bites a child or an older person?
Or, worse yet, what if your Rottweiler hurts another animal in the neighbourhood like cats and smaller dogs?
The thought of it is enough to make any dog owner cringe!
If you own a Rottweiler, then you need to know the proper Rottweiler socialization and training methods.
This is important to prevent your dog from developing aggression – no matter how minor or persistent the symptoms are.
Your Rottweiler, like all dogs, needs constant stimulation and attention. Especially when it comes to their mental development. If your Rottweiler is naughty, then you’re definitely going to need some stimulating.
Also, chewable treats to keep him occupied – especially when you can’t be around.
In this section, we will discuss how Rottweiler aggression develops. What are the common causes of Rottweiler aggression towards people?.
As well as other domestic animals in the neighbourhood. Plus, we will also provide you with all the information you need to know about Rottweiler training, as well as some tips on how to manage – and even prevent – aggression problems in your dog.
How does Rottweiler aggression develop?
Rottweiler Aggression is one of the most common problems that dog owners face.
And indeed, aggression can lead to some serious consequences if not addressed properly.
Rottweiler aggression is usually caused by poor socialization and training during puppyhood.
Especially between 6 to 12 weeks old when your Rottweiler’s “imprint” period takes place. This imprinting process is very important because this is the time when a Rottweiler puppy learns to become familiar with his environment and develop proper responses to stimuli.
During the imprinting period, your four-legged friend needs ample socialization with people. And also with other domestic pets (e.g., cats or smaller dogs). So he can build a positive association with them.
Suppose your Rottweiler puppy doesn’t get adequate socialization during his imprinting period. He may develop fear-based aggression later in life. And, as most dog owners know – once an animal develops fear-based aggression, it is not easy to change.
Another important part of Rottweiler socialization is “critical learning periods” between 8-12 weeks old, 16 weeks – 6 months old, and lastly, from 10 to 12 months.
During these critical learning stages, your four-legged friend will learn the most crucial socialization and training lessons of his life.
If your Rottweiler doesn’t learn the rules properly during these times, he’s bound to develop aggression problems later in life.
For instance, if a Rottweiler puppy is not trained at an early age to accept children or other dogs – they may grow up becoming fearful of them. If they don’t learn to play nicely with other dogs, they may start developing aggression issues.
The rottweiler is a healthy dog that needs to be vaccinated and given regular check-ups.
It’s important not to skip these appointments because the breed can’t handle general anaesthesia very well. They usually do routine procedures without it, which means you should have no problem taking them in!
The diet of this breed also needs special attention as they require more calories from food than other breeds do, but there are some things owners can do at home.
Feeding your pet twice per day after exercise will help burn off their energy levels before bedtime, for example.
You may want to start with training commands such as “sit” and “down. Rotties are intelligent and independent. They will still require regular training to keep them healthy.
They also like many human contacts, so make sure you spend time with your pet each day if possible!
Rotties may be more aggressive around other animals. Still, it’s important not to encourage this behaviour because it can lead to problems in the future when meeting new people or going for walks on busy streets.
The rottweiler has a few health issues that can occur.
The Rottie is prone to hip dysplasia, a painful condition that causes the bones in their hip joint to rub against each other and can be caused by obesity.
They are also prone to skin problems because of how much they shed, so you’ll want to make sure your house has rugs or mats for them when they come inside!
Due to dry air, some Rotties may have allergies from heaters/AC units, but medication can often deal with this.
It would be best to watch for any mood changes as it could mean something more serious like Cushing’s disease, epilepsy, or kidney failure (among others).
If cared for, the Rottie has an average lifespan of about 11 years but may live up to 14-15 with good care.
This breed is also prone to a bloat condition, so make sure you know the symptoms and be prepared for emergencies if they should arise!
The Rottweiler is an intelligent dog that requires lots of exercises to stay healthy. Owners need time each day for either walks or intense workouts they require daily.
They may also growl or bark at strangers when meeting new people until they get to know them. It’s important not to pull on your rottweiler’s leash when they are excited. Because you will put too much pressure on their neck, which could cause injury and make them hate walking with you from then onwards. The Rottweiler is a breed with lots of personalities and needs to be cared for mentally and physically.
Grooming & Care
The Rottweiler is a breed that needs to be groomed often because of its thick double-layered coat.
This will need brushing at least once per week and also clipping with scissors every six weeks!
You’ll notice that the Rottie’s fur may change colour when they are shedding – this happens in the spring and fall, but you can schedule a bath if it becomes too much to handle.
The rottweiler has longer fur on their backside, which means that they may need more grooming around that area than other breeds because of how long the hair is there!
It would be best if you also watched out for mat when you groom – this is when the fur gets twisted up and becomes matted.
These mats can trap moisture, leading to skin problems if not taken care of right away!
Rottweiler Male VS Female
The Rottweiler is a breed that comes in both male and female varieties, so it’s important to know the difference between these two breeds.
The rottweiler male will grow to be 25 – 28 inches tall and weigh an average of 70 – 110 pounds.
The rottweiler female is a much smaller breed and will only grow to be 18 – 22 inches tall with an average of 55 – 85 pounds.
The Rottweiler is a powerful breed that tends to be territorial, so you’ll need to watch for them marking their territory in your yard.
The Rottie is also known as a working dog because they are brilliant and intense, which means that you will need to train them well, so they don’t get into trouble!
You’ll want the rottweiler male neutered if he’s been fixed; otherwise, he will have a strong tendency to roam.
Females are not often neutered as they do not need the procedure for medical purposes, but it is important for their safety because of how territorial this breed can be.
The rottweiler male will usually live between 12 – 14 years while females only live about 11 or 12 years on average.
The rottweiler will grow and change in size for about the first two years.
Then, you’ll notice that their growth slows down, and they will continue to grow until they are about three years old.
Rottweiler can weigh anywhere between 60-110 pounds and grow to be 25 – 28 inches tall.
The rottweiler takes about two years for its growth rate to slow down.
They will grow to be 25 – 28 inches tall and weigh between 60-110 pounds, but this can vary depending on their genetics!
Rottweilers are a large breed of dog and require larger kibble than many other breeds.
We have also known the Rottweiler to be one of the most food-motivated dogs, which means they will need more calories in their diet than some other breeds.
Your pup should eat around 20% – 30% protein and 50% – 60% carbohydrates per day.
Protein should come from a variety of sources such as beef, chicken, and lamb.
We can find carbohydrates in rice, potatoes, and pasta
You’ll also need to ensure you have the right amount of fat for your dog’s diet, but it shouldn’t exceed 15%. You’ll want to include both animal and vegetable fats in your pup’s diet.
Animal fat can come from meat (e.g., lamb) as well as eggs
Vegetable fat occurs naturally in vegetables such as avocados and olives, or it can be found added to processed food products like peanut butter or olive oil
As a general rule of thumb, the average Rottweiler will require around 350 calories per day for maintenance purposes, but this number could change depending on age, weight, etc.
In most cases, this comes out to approximately two cups of dry dog kibble each day, with drinking water available at all times. You should also make sure that there are no more than six hours between feedings.
Facts About Rottweiler
1. The Rottweiler is an intelligent breed of dog, and they used it in the past to guard rich people’s houses.
2. They are fearless and loyal, but they can be aggressive.
3. The Rottweiler is one of the most powerful dog breeds in existence.
4. The rottweiler’s tail is a symbol of its intelligence, courage, and loyalty.
5. If you think the Rottie is a sweet and cuddly dog, think again. They’re not for everyone!
6. The rottweiler is the perfect guard animal and the perfect family pet.
7. The Rottweiler is a working breed. He needs to be provided with plenty of physical exercises, mental stimulation, and human interaction to keep him healthy, happy, and contented.
8. It’s no wonder that this dog has been found on farms all over Europe for centuries!
Interesting Facts About Rottweiler
These are some of the most important facts about rottweilers.
If you’re a bulldog or miniature pincher owner, this is your chance to find out about one of the world’s best guard dogs!
The Rottie does not have an off switch, and that can be both good and bad. They can be tenacious and stubborn.
They are fantastic with kids, but they require a lot of training to curb their aggressiveness, leading to biting too hard.
The Rottweiler’s jaws have the capacity to grip like no other dog, even if it is gentle by nature. If you want your rottweiler to be good with people, you have to train it yourself.
They are not a breed for everyone, and they require an active owner who is willing to devote time or money to their rottweiler’s needs.
The Rottweiler’s intelligence makes them very easy dogs to train. Someone doesn’t want the responsibility of owning a rottweiler; they should get another breed.
Rottie’s personality is loyal and loving to their family. Its means that this dog will fiercely guard the people he loves.
Their coat needs a lot of care because it can easily become matted or tangled with anything from sunlight, water, or food.
The rottweiler is a big strong dog, and they need to be provided with enough physical exercise to stay healthy.
They also enjoy playing games like fetch or tug-of-war, so you can make your Rottie happy by getting them some toys too.
They require a lot of grooming to keep their coat healthy and shiny.
Rottweilers also need plenty of mental stimulation.
They are intelligent dogs that enjoy learning new tricks.
Or doing obedience training, so what better way than with some fun dog games?
The Rottweiler is one of the most powerful dog breeds in existence.
They are also one of the most popular dog breeds anywhere.
They bred Rottweilers to be working dogs, but they can make excellent family pets, too.
With enough time, care, and dedication from their owners!
Rottweiler Mixes With Other Dog Breeds
Dogs are the most adaptable domestic animals in the world. It’s really no wonder that they can mate with other breeds to produce more dogs.
Rottweiler mixes are becoming increasingly popular, and more people are adopting them as pets.
Crossbreeding dogs to produce Rottweiler mixes is similar in practice to breeding a Poodle with a Maltese. Or any other breed of dog with another one: you are simply crossing the breeds.
The resulting puppies will inherit some physical features from each parent. (and may also inherit genetically transmitted diseases if the parents are carriers).
But another common practice has become increasingly popular, though not as widespread: crossbreeding a Rottweiler with another breed of dog.
This allows you to achieve some desired traits from the Rottweiler parent and some from the other dog breed.
The resulting offspring will take on both of the parents’ traits.
Is a Rottweiler Mix Right for Me?
Dogs are better off with owners that have experience in handling and training large breeds. You should be well-versed in canine behaviour if you plan on adopting one.
You will also need to provide enough exercise, especially when the dog is still a puppy.
Remember that Rottweiler mixes are more dominant than other breeds of dogs. It should not be as difficult to train them since they share many traits with their parents.
You may also find it easier to prevent and control undesirable behaviour in a mixed breed rather than having to correct it.
It’s important to remember that Rottweiler mixes will inherit the best of both breeds.
Along with many other breeds and genetic diseases. You are responsible for providing your dog with proper care, so do lots of research before committing to a new pet.
Top Question People Ask About Rottweilers.
1. Is rottweiler a good family dog?
Rottweilers are perhaps one of the best breeds if you have kids. Especially if your kids are old enough to help with the training and care of the dog. Rottweilers love their families and will try to protect them in any way they can. However, it is also important to socialize your rottweiler from a young age. (not just with children, but with other animals and people too). So that they will know the difference between friend and foe.
2. Are rottweilers dangerous?
Rottweilers are one of the most loyal breeds that you could ever own. They are very protective of their family unit. An owner must always control their dog for it to be a good breed to have around both human and non-human companions alike. Rottweilers should always have owners who train them and socialize them from a young age to know not to be aggressive to other people and animals.
3. What’s aggressive behaviour in Rottweiler?
Although typically considered docile dogs, there are some cases of Rottweilers acting aggressively without the proper training. Some such incidents include dogfighting or attacks on members of their human family unit. If you have children around, this is especially important for you to train your rottweiler to avoid any situation where your dog may end up hurting someone unintentionally.
4. Can I get Rottweiler Puppy at any age?
Rottweilers can live up until 12 years old if well taken care of and loved throughout the years. Your Rottweiler will need its vaccinations and de-worming before you can take it home from the breeder, so make sure that you bring at least a few weeks worth of time to properly care for and socialize your new pup before bringing it home!
5. How old should my puppy be before I can leave him alone for a long period of time?
Rottweilers are brilliant dogs who love being around their owners; however, if they aren’t given the same attention in terms of affection and play as they were getting when they were pups, this may lead to unwanted behaviour such as chewing or scratching at objects in the house. The key here is to train your rottweiler well enough so that they know how to entertain themselves, as well as ensuring you don’t leave them unattended for too long.
6. How often should I feed my Rottweiler?
Rottweilers are not known to be fussy eaters and will do best when fed two times a day, with a kibble meal in between the two larger ones. If you’d like to give your dog extra treats or bones to keep his teeth nice and strong, this is also okay but make sure that you observe them because some Rottweilers become over-excited when given these and may end up breaking something in the house!
7. How much do rottweilers eat in one day?
A rottweiler will typically eat around 1-2 cups of food per day. It depends on their age and how active they are. If you’re feeding your Rottweiler puppy, then it’s best to give them more frequent smaller meals to ensure that their energy level is constantly kept up!
8. What are some common health problems for Rottweilers?
Rottweilers are a relatively healthy breed; however, like all dogs, they can suffer from different health problems. Some of these health issues can be avoided with careful breeding. The following are the most common,
Hip Dysplasia, osteochondrosis of the Ankle/Spine, Entropion, Sub-Aortic Stenosis, Elbow Dysplasia, osteochondrosis of the Shoulder.
9. How long do Rottweilers live?
As previously mentioned in this article, Rottweilers can live until the age of 12 years old if they are well taken care of throughout their lives. They should always have access to fresh water and food, as well as regular exercise so that they remain healthy!
10. What is an average size litter for a Rottweiler?
A litter for a Rottweiler is usually around 7-12 puppies—the smaller the litter, the less chance of health complications for both mother and child.
11. What is the best way to introduce a new Rottweiler puppy to my other pet?
You mustn’t just let your new pup run free around the house with your other pets because he may get over-excited and end up hurting one or all of them! Instead, make sure he has his own space where he can stay while you keep him on a leash when walking through rooms with other animals inside. This should prevent any unwanted injuries from occurring within the first few days of getting your new Rottie!
12. How often do I have to groom my Rottweiler?
For your Rottie to maintain a healthy and shiny coat. You should brush him at least twice a week. Even if you don’t intend to show your dog in the future, grooming is an important part of being a responsible pet owner because it keeps their coats clean and free from debris to stay in optimum health.
13. How do I teach my Rottweiler not to jump up on me when greeting them?
Rottweilers love attention and affection. However, they can be quite clumsy when trying to get onto higher surfaces, so if you’d like to avoid being knocked over, then train them not to! It’s not difficult, but you have to start as soon as your dog comes home. Never let them get away with jumping because it will only become more difficult to train them off the habit later.
14. What type of toys should I get for my Rottweiler?
Rottweilers are large and very powerful dogs. So it’s best that you only give them toys which they can’t fit their mouths around because, as we all know, this is when the risk of choking comes into play. Squeaky or stuffed toys are fine to play with.
15. Why does my Rottweiler lick himself excessively?
Unfortunately, excessive licking can signify an underlying health problem such as allergies or skin conditions. If you notice this happening, you should see a vet as soon as possible. They’ll be able to check your dog’s health and help you decide whether or not the problem is serious.
16. What are the Rottweiler colours?
Rottweilers come in three coat colours which include black, tan/red and solid black. The colour of your dog’s coat doesn’t actually affect their personalities.
17. When do Rottweilers reach full maturity?
Rottweilers are considered to be fully mature between the ages of 2-3 years old! They stop growing once they get to this age. You may notice that their heads continue to become more proportionate to their bodies.