Common Rottweiler Ear Problems and How to Treat Them

Rottweilers are magnificent and robust dogs known for their loyalty, strength, and protective nature. Like any other breed, Rottweilers can experience various health issues, including ear problems.

It’s essential for Rottweiler owners to be aware of the common ear problems that can affect their furry companions and understand how to treat them effectively.

In this article, we will explore some of the most prevalent ear problems in Rottweilers and provide insights into their treatment.


1. Otitis Externa: The Primary Ear Concern

One of the most common ear problems in Rottweilers is otitis externa, which refers to inflammation of the external ear canal.

This condition can be caused by allergies, bacterial or fungal infections, ear mites, foreign bodies, or excessive earwax buildup.

Symptoms of otitis externa may include frequent head shaking, scratching at the ears, redness, swelling, odor, and discharge. If you notice any of these signs, it’s crucial to seek veterinary care promptly.


2. Hematoma: A Swollen Ear Flap

Hematomas can occur in Rottweilers as a result of vigorous head shaking or ear scratching due to an underlying ear problem.

When blood vessels rupture between the layers of the ear flap, it leads to the formation of a swollen pocket filled with blood.

Hematomas often cause discomfort and can affect the shape and appearance of the ear. Treatment usually involves draining the blood and addressing the underlying cause.


3. Ear Infections: Bacterial or Fungal

Rottweilers, like many other breeds, are prone to ear infections. Bacterial and fungal infections can develop due to moisture buildup, allergies, or poor ear hygiene.

The symptoms may include itching, redness, swelling, discharge, and a foul odor. It’s important to consult a veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan, which may involve cleaning the ears, administering medications, and addressing any underlying causes.


4. Ear Mites: Tiny Troublemakers

Ear mites are microscopic parasites that can infest a Rottweiler’s ears, causing irritation, inflammation, and discomfort.

Common signs of ear mite infestation include intense itching, head shaking, dark discharge resembling coffee grounds, and the presence of mites visible to the naked eye.

Treatment typically involves a thorough cleaning of the ears and administering appropriate medication prescribed by a veterinarian.


5. Allergies: Culprits of Ear Problems

Rottweilers can be prone to allergies, which can contribute to various ear problems. Allergies may result from food, environmental factors, or contact with irritants.

The symptoms can include ear itching, redness, recurrent ear infections, and inflammation. Identifying and managing the underlying allergy is essential to alleviate ear problems.

Your veterinarian may recommend allergy testing, dietary changes, medications, or other suitable interventions.


6. Foreign Bodies: Unwanted Intruders

Rottweilers, being curious and active dogs, can sometimes get foreign bodies trapped in their ears. Common examples include grass awns, foxtails, or small objects.

These foreign bodies can cause irritation, inflammation, and even infections. If you suspect a foreign object in your Rottweiler’s ear, it’s crucial to seek veterinary assistance to have it safely removed.


Treating Rottweiler Ear Problems

Treating Rottweiler ear problems requires a comprehensive approach, and it’s essential to consult with a veterinarian for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. Depending on the specific condition, the treatment may involve:

  • Thorough cleaning of the ears to remove excess earwax, debris, or discharge.
  • Administering medications such as ear drops or ointments to address infections or inflammation.
  • Using prescribed oral medications to combat bacterial or fungal infections.
  • Conducting regular ear maintenance, including gentle cleaning and drying, as recommended by your veterinarian.
  • Managing underlying allergies through dietary changes, avoidance of allergens, or medication.
  • Treating hematomas through drainage and potential surgical intervention.
  • Removing foreign bodies from the ear under veterinary supervision.

It’s crucial to follow your veterinarian’s instructions carefully when administering medications or performing ear cleaning. Avoid using cotton swabs or sharp objects in your Rottweiler’s ears, as this can lead to further damage or push debris deeper into the ear canal.


FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q: How can I prevent ear problems in my Rottweiler?

A: Regularly clean and dry your Rottweiler’s ears, keep them free from moisture, and address any underlying allergies or infections promptly.

Q: Can I use over-the-counter ear medications for my Rottweiler ear problems?

A: It is always best to consult with a veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and to obtain suitable medications specifically tailored to your Rottweiler’s condition.

Q: Are Rottweilers more prone to ear problems compared to other breeds?

A: Rottweilers are not necessarily more prone to ear problems, but they can be susceptible due to their floppy ears and potential allergies.

Q: How often should I clean my Rottweiler’s ears?

A: The frequency of ear cleaning depends on your Rottweiler’s specific needs. Your veterinarian can provide guidance on the appropriate ear care routine.

Q: Can I prevent hematomas in my Rottweiler’s ears?

A: While it is not always possible to prevent hematomas, promptly addressing any underlying ear problems can minimize the risk of your Rottweiler developing them.



Proper ear care is vital for maintaining your Rottweiler’s overall health and well-being. By staying vigilant and promptly addressing any signs of ear problems, you can prevent discomfort, complications, and potential hearing loss. Regular veterinary check-ups, maintaining good ear hygiene, and seeking professional advice at the first sign of trouble are essential for keeping your Rottweiler’s ears healthy and infection-free.

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